Select one of the below questions to find out it's answer.


  • Plaque is made up of bacteria and it forms constantly on all teeth, crowns and dentures
  • Plaque builds up more in areas harder to access with a toothbrush mainly next to the gums and in between the teeth
  • If it is left on the tooth surface the bacteria within it produce toxins. This causes your body to send more blood to the area in order to fight it off. The increased blood supply results in inflammation and bleeding of the gums (gingivitis)!
  • You can't stop plaque from forming on the teeth, but you can remove it effectively on a daily basis
  • The primary cause of gum disease is plaque and the first sign of it is inflamed, bleeding gums
  • Gingivitis (bleeding gums) is reversible by removing plaque with effective and regular tooth brushing and flossing
  • If you do not remove the plaque effectively, inflammation may spread to below the gum level, causing formation of pockets (loose spaces between teeth and gums) and destruction of the underlying bone. This stage is called periodontitis and may lead to teeth becoming loose and eventually tooth loss.
  • Good effective tooth brushing is vital, paying particular attention to the area where the teeth and the gums meet.
  • Cleaning in between your teeth daily is just as important as tooth brushing as your tooth brush will not reach these areas
  • A fluoride toothpaste
  • Mouthwash
  • Regular visits to your dentist and hygienist
  • Brush your teeth twice a day for at least 2 minutes, with a soft-to-medium brush and fluoride toothpaste. Replace the brush when the bristles get out of shape.
  • Put the brush at the join between teeth and gums, pointing towards the gums using short circular movements
  • Brush all round every tooth, carefully making sure you can feel the brush on your gums. DO NOT worry if your gums bleed this is just down to plaque induced inflammation you are not harming your gums.
  • Don't use too much force- a gentle massaging motion. You will not remove stains with a manual brush so scrubbing will just cause recession and sensitivity
  • Small children can not brush properly until they are eight or nine so brush their teeth yourself.
  • Dental floss helps you to clean in between your teeth, use about 18 inches of floss. Wrap the ends of the floss around your middle fingers of each hand leaving two to three inches between the first finger and thumb.
  • Gently slide the floss between two teeth, wrap it in a "C" shape around one tooth and slide the floss under the triangular gum as far down as you can go! Expect the gums to bleed the first few times you do this but don't worry this is normal and is caused by the bacteria, you are not cutting your gum.
  • Move the floss up and down the side if the tooth several times
  • Do the same for every tooth
  • There are two main types of tooth staining: extrinsic staining on the surface of the teeth, and intrinsic staining within the structure of the tooth.
  • Extrinsic stains may be caused by: poor oral hygiene, food and drinks such as tea, coffee, red wine, colas, curry and fried foods, Iron tablets, some antibiotics especially tetracycline and mouthwashes containing chlorhexidine (corsodyl)
  • Intrinsic stains may be caused by: Too much fluoride causing both brown stains and white flecks, Older people can develop brown staining on teeth as the enamel wears thin and the use of tetracycline antibiotic by children whilst the teeth are developing can cause horizontal brown and grey stripes
  • Combination stains are caused by smoking, over the long term tobacco can cause extrinsic and intrinsic staining of the tooth structure. Tooth decay can also cause combination staining.
  • Extrinsic staining affects the surface of teeth, so it is relatively straightforward to remove using a thorough oral hygiene regime of brushing and flossing. Regular visits to your hygienist will help to remove plaque and debris that are causing stain.
  • Intrinsic staining is a lot harder to remove and may require a teeth whitening procedure or in extreme cases porcelain veneers or crowns!
  • Some whitening toothpastes can help reduce extrinsic staining but be careful when using them as they can be abrasive.
  • The colour of your teeth can be lightened with hydrogen peroxide (bleach), used either on the outside or the inside of your teeth. Like hair and skin, teeth vary in colour. Some are yellower or darker than others, even when they are quite healthy.
  • Tooth bleaching is completely safe and effective as long as the bleach doesn't touch your gums and burn them. Dentists use a special jelly bleach.
  • You can get a very good result and most teeth will go at least a few shades lighter it doesn't remove any of your natural tooth surface. We use WY10 have a look on the link via this website for more information!
  • Many adults experience occasional sensitivity to cold, sweet or hot beverages
  • The main causes of tooth sensitivity is gum recession and toothbrush abrasion (brushing too hard), it can also be caused by acidic foods and drink in your diet such as fizzy drinks, fruit juice and fruit.
  • Let your dentist or hygienist know if you are experiencing sensitivity so they can ensure no other factors are contributing to the sensitivity and they can recommend the appropriate treatment.
  • It is a condition caused when the enamel covering the crown of the tooth is worn away and the root surfaces are exposed.
  • The dentine which is the main core of the tooth consists of many tubules running from the outer edge of the tooth to its inner centre which contains the tooth nerve. These microscopic tooth tubules contain fluid which when exposed move under the influence of cold, heat or high sugar concentrations in the mouth and in turn stimulate the nerve and cause pain and discomfort.
  • A sensitive toothpaste and mouthwash will help. There are lots of different ones on the market and they all work slightly differently.
  • Colgate sensitive contains potassium citrate which soothes the nerve ends and provides fast relief from tooth sensitivity.
  • New Sensodyne Repair & Protect with Novamin®  has a unique, clinically proven concentrated calcium formula that helps repair vulnerable areas with the natural building blocks of your teeth.
  • Pronamel toothpaste is designed specifically for acid erosion it helps to protect the teeth from acids in our diet suvch as fruit juice and fizzy drinks.
  • Just be aware that sensitivity can also be caused form brushing too hard it is important you brush your teeth thoroughly but carefully. Ease off of pressure and DO NOT scrub!

Clinical studies have demonstrated that certain electric toothbrushes are better at removing plaque. They are particularly useful for people with limited movement, such as disabled or elderly people, who often find that using a normal toothbrush does not allow them to clean thoroughly. Electric toothbrushes can also be better for children, usually under supervision for children younger than 8-9 years of age, as they may be more inclined to brush regularly because of the novelty of using an electric toothbrush. Discuss the idea with your dentist or hygienist to find out if you would benefit from using an electric toothbrush.

A routine dental examination would normally fall between 3 and 12 months, depending on your own clinical requirements, as recommended by the independent body NICE (National Institute for Clinical Excellence). Your individual needs will be discussed with you by your dentist and a recall period advised.

Yes, we would always recommend that you eat normally before you attend your dental appointment, no matter what treatment you are having done.
After your dental treatment, if you have had local anaesthetic we would recommend that you wait until the numbness has worn off (normally a couple of hours). Fillings may also require some time to 'set' and so you will be advised by your dentist following the treatment.